Dai and Jingpo Autonomous Prefecture, besides Xishuagbanna, is the
other most famous place for being the home of the Dai people. It
has been featured in many Chinese movies and TV series. There
is a Beautiful Place is a folk song of the Dai people well
known around China that was dedicated to describe the beauty of
this region. Beautiful natural scenery, diverse ethnic cultures
and border tourism are the great reasons why you should visit
located on the border of western Yunnan. Bordering Myanmar on
three sides, this prefecture has a boundary line of 504 KM (313
miles) and is thus an important inland gateway of China to South
and Southeast Asia. The prefecture is full of tourist sites: The
Ruili and Da'ying Rivers being the State Scenic Area, where you
can enjoy various natural scenes, ethnic cultures and border
tours, the Wanding State Forest Park, and the Official Residential
Site of Nandian Pacification Commissioner Chief in Lianghe County,
which is touted as a State Reserve Historical Relic.
The Scenic area
of the Ruili and Da'ying Rivers is a State Level Scenic Area which
includes over 600 scenic spots within an area of 659 sq KM (254 sq
miles). This tourist attraction is characterized by its colorful
ethnic cultures, beautiful tropical landscapes and exotic border
Ruili River is
one of the most important rivers in the west of Yunnan province.
Over 20 km (or 12.4 miles) of the river serves as a border line
between China and Myanmar. The river is gentle and mild--Dai
villages and folk architecture dot the river bank. At times you
can find beautiful Dai girls bathing in the river.
originates in the rocky mountain region of northwest Yunnan
province. Meandering through vast primitive forests and gorgeous
valleys, it slows down in the Dehong region. The peaceful life of
the Dai people with farm fields is the attraction here. Dai homes
along the river and the singing of Dai people present a
The Official Residential Site of the Nandian
Pacification Commissioner Chief.
Grand and elegant, this residential site is the only local
official residence that has been preserved in its complete form in
Yunnan from the Ming Dynasty. It has been praised as the
"Forbidden City of Dai People". It was built by a pacification
commissioner surnamed Gong, who was sent to this region in the
Ming Dynasty (over 400 hundreds years ago). Later on, as the
family settled down here, the Han family was gradually impacted by
local Dai culture. Their family name was changed to Dao (literally
meaning sword), a typical surname of the Dai people. Hence the
architecture of the official Residential Site of the pacification
commissioner is a perfect combination of Han and Dai. The
Admission fee is 20 RMB.
The site is
situated in Zhedao Township of Lianghe County, which used to be an
important fortress on the Sichuan-India Road, an ancient road
linking China and India back to around the first century.
Tree–Wrapped–Stupa and Stupa–Wrapped–Tree
The Dai in Dehong generally believe in Theravada Buddhism. There
are Stupas, or Burmese Buddhist temples, all over the prefecture.
Among these there are two which are especially unique, the
Tree—Wrapped--Stupa and the Stupa–Wrapped--tree. There is a stupa
wrapped up by a big banyan tree and there is tree wrapped up by
the stupa, respectively. It is believed that many years ago the
seeds of a bodhi tree were carried by birds to the top of the
stupas; the seeds sprouted and grew into trees inside the stupas.
While the tree in the Stupa—wrapped--tree is still young and not
yet able to wrap over the stupa, the tree in the Tree—Wrapped--Stupa
is much older so that it could wrap up the stupa.
Zongge Dance Festival
This is the grandest celebration for the Jingpo people, and the
name tells us pretty much what the festival is about. Both "Munao"
and "Zongge" are transliterations from different branches of the
Jingpo language, and both have the meaning of "collective dance".
The festival normally falls on the 15th day of the first lunar
calendar, which is around the month of February and lasts for
three days. The festival is a magnificent activity with hundreds
of thousands of participants. Led by Naoshuang (the dance leader),
all the people line up in a long queue behind the dance leader to
sing, dance and move graciously and slowly making various kinds of
dancing movements following a strong rhythm. Praised as
spectacular, recreational and with massive participation, the
Munao Zongge Dance is unique of its kind around the whole world