Also known as the Golden Temple of the Heavenly Harmony Palace, the
Golden Temple is a famous Taoist Temple in Yunnan Province. It is the
one of the largest, tallest and best preserved temples made in bronze in
China, and has been listed as
Cultural Relic Site for Protection at State Level. It was named the
Golden Temple because of the bright color
just like gold. Also named the Bronze Roof Tile Temple, the temple is
made of bronze. It is 7 KM
northeast of Kunming City proper on the Ming Feng Shan, or Phoenix
Twittering Mountain. Surrounded by forests, it is a good site for outings
taking in the
fresh air. Recent years, many orienteering competitions chose the Golden
Temple as their site.
Originally built in 1602 during China's Ming Dynasty, the Golden Temple
of the Heavenly Harmony Palace was built by the military officer Cheng
Yong Bin to copy the famous Golden Temple in the Wu Dang Mountain in
Hubei Province. Throughout
history, the temple was renovated, rebuilt and relocated
times. What we have now was reconstructed in 1671 during China's Qing
Dynasty by Wu San Gui. Wu was a war lord who was assigned to rule Yunnan
province as a reword of helping the Manchurian army conquered
Ming Dynasty and establish the Qing Dynasty. Wu was regarded as a
betrayer by many Chinese,
as a Han Chinese, he facilitated the nomadic Manchurian crossing
over the Great Wall, which was the final stronghold of the Ming Dynasty.
led to the
of Ming Dynasty which was ruled by Han Chinese.
One of the most famous buildings here is the bronze building. It is 6.15
square, 6.7 meters
more than 200 metric tons
Though it looks very much like wooden traditional Chinese architecture,
every part of the building from the doors and windows, the roof tiles,
the sacrificial table, the statues, the curtains and the inscribed
plates are all made of bronze. Within the building are well-sculpted
statues of Taoist deities.
One of the other fascinating buildings
here is the Bell Tower, within which hangs
a copper bell weighing
more than 14 metric tons
With a circumference of 6.7 meters
it is the third largest copper bell in China.
than these two most distinguished buildings, which are a popular spot
for practicing Taoism, there is an additional cluster of typical Taoist
There are exhibitions displaying bronzewares in the Heavenly Harmony
Palace that give you a snapshot of the brilliant bronze culture
in Yunnan province. With ancient trees
and beautiful flowers,
is a popular destination for travelers.
Located next to
Kunming Horticultural Exposition Garden in the northeast suburb of
by taking buses number 10, 71 and 76.